Country of Origin
The Entlebucher (pronounced ‘ENT-lay-boo-kur’, also known as the ‘Entlebucher Sennenhund’, ‘Entelbuch Mountain Dog’, or ‘Entelbucher Cattle Dog’) is the smallest of the Swiss Mountain Dogs, a group which also includes the Bernese, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Appenzeller Sennenhund. The Entlebucher is named after Entlebuch, a Swiss town. Like many older breeds, the Entlebucher’s origins are uncertain, but it likely descended from Roman Mastiffs crossed with sheepdogs during the Roman invasion of Switzerland in the first century B.C. The Entlebucher was used as a cattle dog and general farm worker. It was not considered a distinct breed until 1889 when Franz Schertenleib recognized the Entlebucher’s distinct characteristics and worked with Professor Albert Heim to promote its recognition. Since then, the Entlebucher has slowly risen in popularity, but it is still most commonly seen in Switzerland. The Entlebucher is not yet recognized by the American Kennel Club, but can be registered with its Foundation Stock Service.
The Entlebucher has a shoulder height of 48-51 cm (19-20 in) and weighs 25-30 kg (55-66 lbs). The Entlebucher has a flat skull with small, brown eyes, small, triangular ears and a long, powerful jaw. Entlebuchers are square and muscular with small feet, broad hips, and a tail which is usually docked (though this is now forbidden in most European countries).
The Entlebucher has a smooth, harsh coat with symmetrical black, tan, and white markings. It has white on its toes, tail tip, chest, and blaze (vertical line passing between the eyes). The Entlebucher is an average shedder.
The Entlebucher is alert and eager to please. It is devoted, intelligent and loyal, with a very high requirement for human socialization. It is important to make the Entlebucher part of your family. Entlebuchers will grow destructive and mischievous if they are ignored or unexercised.
The Entlebucher loves to be around people but it is also territorial and somewhat suspicious of strangers. Entlebuchers have a loud bark which they will employ to announce visitors. The Entlebucher is good with children, other dogs, and any other pets if socialized when young, but it should be supervised around small children due to its boisterous personality.
The Entlebucher has a low maintenance coat; brush occasionally to remove dead hairs and bathe only as necessary. The Entlebucher has a lifespan of 10-15 years. Due to its limited numbers, the Entlebucher is prone to some health problems such as Hemolytic Anemia and hip dysplasia (malformed hip joint which can cause lameness or arthritis).
The Entlebucher is intelligent and eager to please, but has an independent streak. It must be taught to recognize its owners authority; obedience training is recommended.
The Entlebucher is a working breed which requires frequent exercise. Its favorite activity is herding; it may even try to herd children in the family. Entlebuchers enjoy cold weather and love to run and play off the leash whenever possible. The Entlebucher is not recommended for apartment life.