Country of Origin
The English Setter, also known as the ‘Laverack Setter’, originated in England as early as the 1300’s. ‘Setting’ is the practice of freezing in a low crouch to point out game. The English Setter is the oldest of the Setter breeds, descending from the Water Spaniel, Spanish Pointer, and Springer Spaniel. The modern version of the breed was developed in the 1800’s by Edward Laverack, who developed the initial stock, and R. Purcell Llewellin, who selected from this stock for field abilities, creating a distinct breed which is often associated with working English Setters. The English Setter soared in popularity in England in the 1860’s, and became popular in America shortly thereafter, remaining highly popular today as a sporting breed. There are many unofficial localized strains of English setter, such as the ‘Llewellin Setter’ and ‘Newfoundland Setter’.
The English Setter has a shoulder height of 24-27 in (61-68 cm) and weighs 45-80 lbs (20-36 kg). It has a long, square muzzle, pronounced stop (depression where the muzzle meets the forehead), large eyes, and low-set ears. The English Setter has a straight tail, carried flat and tapering to a point.
The English Setter has a long, flat coat with light, silky feathering. The English Setter’s ticked flecks of coloring are referred to as ‘belton’, a term coined by breeder Edward Laverack after the town in which he hunted. Possible colors are white with black and tan (‘tricolor belton’), orange (‘orange belton’), or bluish-black (‘blue belton’), and, more rarely, lemon (‘lemon belton’) and liver (‘liver belton’). Puppy English Setters are born white and slowly develop their natural color.
The English Setter is friendly, intelligent, and sensitive. It is usually polite, but has a stubborn streak as well. The English Setter is exuberant and sociable, requiring frequent human companionship. English Setters make great companions for hunters or families with children. English Setters have an abundance of energy outdoors, but tend to relax and cuddle up indoors.
The English Setter gets along well with children, other dogs, and any household pets. It is very friendly with strangers, but will bark at intruders, making it a fairly good watchdog.
The English Setter requires a thorough brushing every 2 or 3 days. For the best appearance, it should have its old hair clipped or trimmed every few months. It is a relatively healthy breed with a few genetic disorders including hip and elbow dysplasia (malformed joint which can cause lameness or arthritis), deafness, hypothyroidism, cancer, and PRA, a retinal disorder. The English Setter has an average lifespan of 10-12 years.
The English Setter must be trained with a consistent and loving approach. English Setters are intelligent and capable of learning a wide variety of tricks, games, and duties, but they have a high prey instinct for birds which makes them easily distracted. English Setters are quite sensitive; positive reinforcement is the recommended training approach.
The English Setter requires at least an hour a day of strenuous exercise, including long walks, hunting, or fetch. The English Setter has a tendency to wander so a good fence is necessary.