Country of Origin
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an ancient breed that dates back over 4,000 years. They are also known as the Middle Asian Ovtcharka, Mid-Asian Shepherd, Central Asian Ovtcharka, Central Asian Sheepdog, Alabai, Sredneasiatskaia Ovtcharka and Turkmen Alabai There is very little to no information regarding the origin of the breed, however, it is believed to have originated somewhere between the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor and China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has many talents and often serves as a flock guard, personal guard dog and dog fighting. Dog fighting is still a national tradition in many of the countries this breed is prominent in. The pure bred Central Asian Shepherd Dog became nearly extinct after the Russian army recruited a great many working dogs to their cause. Pure bred dogs were typically only found on farms, with herders or breed enthusiasts, mainly mixes of the breed were found elsewhere. Due to the fact that the Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a very wide range of breed characteristics, there is a lack in breed standard. It is not uncommon for this breed to vary in regards to color, coat type, size as well as head type. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has some very interesting breed specific anatomy. Examples of this are false ribs, flexible joints, massive neck and specific head set.
The male Central Asian Shepherd Dog will typically reach heights of 27-32 inches and an average weight of 121-176 pounds. The female Central Asian Shepherd Dog will reach heights from 24-27 inches and an average weight of 88-143 pounds.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a very dense coat that can come in both long and short varieties as well as a heavy undercoat. They can come in a variety of colors including black and white, red, brindle, white, shades of fawn and a black mask is also possible.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an intelligent, calm and fearless breed. They are flock guards by nature and will be very protective of their family as well as their flock. This breed often operates in a kind of social network where each dog has their own duty to attend to. Because of this, you will often find puppies with various different talents within the same litter. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an assertive breed that will not back down when challenged and can often be aggressive towards strange dogs. If the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is not intended as a flock guard, but a family companion, they will need to begin socialization at a young age and be worked with consistently.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a loyal and loving breed when it comes to their family. They will be happy to spend as much time as possible with the family and will welcome friends. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is very good with the elderly, children and other non-canine pets. However, due to their sheer size, it is not recommended for this breed to be left alone with children, as accidents can happened during harmless play. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is very suspicious of strangers as well as strange dogs and will behave accordingly. This breed is not recommended for an owner unfamiliar with flock guard breeds. They require a firm and assertive pack leader that will consistently exert their authority. This is not a breed you want wearing the pants in the family.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a very low maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. They will require very little in the brushing and bathing department on a regular basis. However, their heavy coat will shed a great deal in the spring and will require extra brushing during this time.
A firm and consistent pack leader is a must for the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. They are very independent and intelligent, and it will need to be made clear regularly who the boss is. This breed will need very little training when it comes to guarding as well as basic manners.
This breed enjoys being outside. Must have a large fenced yard, as they will roam if given the opportunity. In a small yard/apartment they do tend to get bored which can lead to digging and chewing. Are happiest when they have a job to do (guarding flock).